This study analyzes the 2020 operation statistics of Mideast oil and gas pipelines with emphasis on inter-state midstream projects in order to assess the long-term financial feasibility of such projects and their correlation with regional geopolitical stability. The outcome from 2020 analysis is that seven inter-state Mideast hydrocarbon (oil and gas) pipelines, which have already terminated operation, had been in use for a median lifetime period of 13 years. Furthermore, looking at the twenty currently operating inter-state hydrocarbon pipelines in the Mideast, it appears that their median operation lifetime to date is 13.5 years - both figures implying regional stability. Despite stabilization during the past five years, there is little certainty yet for long-term pipeline operational stability in the region.
The year 2019 was characterized by balance of demand and supply, with an average pricing of 63.93 USD per Brent oil barrel and standard deviation of 4.00 USD on monthly basis (6.29%). This study aims to provide a projection for average crude oil pricing during 2020, utilizing predictive analysis methods correlated with fundamental analysis. Evidently, predictive analysis cannot provide accurate answers, since it is rather providing a statistical probability, but we can define a high probability range with fair accuracy.
Rechargeable batteries, largely encompassing secondary electrochemical cells, have a profound role in multiple industries and hold the potential to become a disrupting element for future infrastructures. The market of rechargeable batteries is rapidly expanding, fueled by the growing utilization of secondary cells in portable electronic devices, electric mobility solutions, grid energy storage and also a growing use within the general industry. This survey brings you the 2019 comparative progress map of innovative rechargeable battery technologies, aiming to take on conventional Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, as well as the updated development and commercialization status of each technology.
Despite the rapid expansion of Li-ion battery production worldwide and parallel expansion of lithium mining, there are several question marks posed for the mid and long-term prospects of this industry. This survey is bringing the updated 2019 analysis of raw Lithium production worldwide, providing supply projections for the mid and long-term trends. It is evident that Li-ion is due to retain its role as the dominant technology for energy storage in the coming years, but critical outlook on global Lithium resources is important in order to prepare for potential disruptions in this market. The recent shifts in production may also contain hints to upcoming Lithium-ion utilization trends and the competitiveness of alternative battery technologies.
Solar photovoltaic (PV) facilities is continuing to form a dominant share of new capacity additions in the electricity generation segment in Israel and worldwide. The total capacity of grid-connected PV facilities in Israel was at 1243 MWp by the end of 2018 and is expected to surpass 1,600 MWp by the end of 2019. The capacity of PV facilities increased by 29% year-over-year from the end of 2017 to the end of 2018 - a significant surge from previous 12% annual growth rate. In terms of electric generation, solar PV facilities produced 1,747 million kWh in 2018 – an increase of 10% from 1,584 million kWh in 2017, also a surge from previous moderate 3% growth rate. The percentage of solar PV generation out of total electricity generation in the country increased from 2.3% in 2017 to 2.5% in 2018 and is expected to reach nearly 4.0% in 2019.
This study summarizes the 2018 Eastern Mediterranean solar irradiance figures on ground level and makes a preliminary estimate for 2019. Regional solar irradiance data is analyzed in order to estimate the normalized output of solar power facilities in the region, considering the strong link between the two variables. The average solar energy cumulative flux, measured at the IMS station in Bet Dagan in Israel's Central Coastal Plane during 2018, was 5,339 Wh/m2 per day, which is 6.3% higher than the 1965-2014 multi-year annual solar flux average. The anomaly is within the standard annual deviation of ±4.0% during the 1965-2014 period. 2019 is expected to show above average solar irradiance figures in the Eastern Mediterranean region, continuing the high-level solar irradiance trend - similar to the period of late 1960s and early 1970s or even exceeding it.
Over the past several weeks the petroleum market has experienced the most significant daily price spike since 1990-91 Gulf War - the result of a sophisticated drone attack on Abqaiq and Khurais oil facilities of Saudi Arabia. On the next trading day following the incident, the spot oil price of Light Crude surged more than 15% - from 55 up to 63 USD per barrel. It took two weeks for the oil price to gradually return to its pre-attack levels. Though the attack paralyzed nearly one half of Saudi oil capacity, the effect was short and within days production returned to normal. However, the real question is whether this attack is a standalone incident with no long-term effect or another major step in the escalating conflict between Iran and Saudi Arabia, which could repeat the Persian Gulf oil crisis of the 1980s.
This report encloses recent developments and statistics of the Israeli electricity market with emphasis on the generation segment. The past year was marked with the adoption of the Electricity Market reform in July 2018 and the beginning of its implementation in 2019, while in parallel a significant progress has been made in the renewables segment with integration of hundreds of MWp in 2018 and 2019. By the end of 2018, Israeli national electric generation capacity was at 18.1 GWp, with IEC making up 73.6% of total grid-connected capacity, while private producers made up the remaining 26.4%. In terms of electricity generation, 69.6 million kWh were produced in 2018 in Israel. In 2018, the generation segment was relying on a mix of fuels, dominated by natural gas and coal - both utilized by the Israel Electric Corp (IEC) as primary fuels. Secondary fuels of the IEC were diesel, oil fuel and methanol. Private generation facilities were primary relying on natural gas, while diesel, oil fuel, kerogen and renewables were secondary energy sources.
This report is analyzing performance parameters of BEVs (Battery Electric Vehicles) in comparison to ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) cars as of 2018-19 in order to evaluate future BEV competitiveness and the rate of penetration into US private vehicle market. 2018 was another dramatic year for Plug-in EVs and specifically for BEVs – the number of delivered BEVs in US surged to 271,932 units, up from 111,104 units the previous year. Interestingly, this came in line with a continuing trend of decreasing sales of passenger vehicles in the US. The overall percentage of BEVs from among passenger cars reached 4.95% - a dramatic increase from 1.06% in 2016 and 1.83% in 2017. BEVs formed 75% of Plug-in EVs, clearly showing dominance over PHEVs.
Another chapter in Eastmed "Gas Games" as Turkey continues to take the initiative in regional oil & gas geopolitics. At the end of June, the Yavuz drilling ship departed the Dilovasi port adjacent to Istanbul, leaving towards the Famagusta bay on the Eastern side of the Cyprus island, where the ship intends to perform an underwater exploration drilling. The economic zone, where the drilling is supposed to take place is internationally recognized as the economic zone of the Republic of Cyprus (de-facto controlling Southern Cyprus, a.k.a. Southern Cyprus), though obviously with the island being divided - the designated bay area is claimed by Northern Cyprus (Turkish Cyprus), an internationally unrecognized entity which governs the northern parts of Cyprus under Turkish protectorate since 1970s. The legal trick which allows Turkey itself to explore the area for oil & gas, even as it belongs to a separate entity of Northern Cyprus, is the licensing of drilling rights in Northern Cyprus-claimed areas to the Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO).
A highly unusual and exceptional event yesterday at the Gulf of Oman - an attack on two oil tankers during daylight: something which has not taken place since the "Tanker War" of the Iran-Iraq Conflict in the 1980s. The oil price had immediately surged 4% on the news, with fears of further regional destabilization of oil routes. The hydrocarbon shipping via the targeted region is of utmost importance, bringing massive amounts of oil and other liquids from the Persian Gulf countries to southern and eastern Asia, as well as Europe. This was the second attack on tankers this year in the Omani Gulf, the previous taking place one month earlier.
Israeli startup ecosystem is widely known for its disruptive innovation element and a remarkably dynamic activity, including industry 4.0 solutions such as drones. This 2019 market survey identified 81 Israeli civilian drone technology companies including providers of UAVs & Platforms, Drone Systems, Anti-Drone solutions, Passenger Drones and Aftermarket products. Out of surveyed civilian drone technology companies, a remarkable 68% are startups – actively operating privately-held companies established within the past decade, which have yet reached an IPO or underwent M&A; 32% are mature companies, including publicly traded ones.
This week Turkey initiated its first exploration drilling for oil & gas offshore the island of Cyprus. Furthermore, today Turkey announced it would send an additional second drilling vessel to the region in the name of the Turkish Republic of Cyprus, an internationally unrecognized entity which governs Northern Cyprus as a Turkish protectorate. The background - discovery of a third significant gas resource in the economic zone south of Cyprus by the Republic of Cyprus (a.k.a. Greek Cyprus or Southern Cyprus).
Smart energy technologies include a range of solutions aimed at the optimization of energy systems, including energy generation, energy transmission, energy conversion, energy storage and energy utilization. With thousands of active startup companies, Israel serves as one of the primary innovation hubs in the world. This is also the case for smart energy technologies, being among the key factors for the future of sustainable, resilient and clean energy. This 2019 market survey identified 61 smart energy technology companies from among several thousand active Israeli Hi-Tech companies - mostly recently established startups.
The Middle East is known for the abundance of hydrocarbon resources and thus oil and gas pipelines have become an integrative part of the landscape. However, from the very beginning, the pipeline business in the Mideast has been a gamble. This study aims to analyze the up-to-date operation statistics of Mideast oil and gas pipelines with emphasis on inter-state midstream projects in order to assess the long-term financial feasibility of such projects and their correlation with regional geopolitical stability. The outcome from 2019 analysis is that eight inter-state Mideast hydrocarbon (oil and gas) pipelines, which have already terminated operation, had been in use for a median lifetime period of 11 years. Furthermore, looking at the nineteen currently operating inter-state hydrocarbon pipelines in the Mideast, it appears that their median operation lifetime to date is 12 years - both figures implying regional stability. Despite stabilization during the past four years, there is little certainty yet for long-term pipeline operational stability in the region considering persistent turmoil.