This study summarizes the 2019 Eastern Mediterranean solar irradiance figures on ground level and makes a preliminary estimate for 2020. Regional solar irradiance data is analyzed in order to estimate the normalized output of solar power facilities in the region, considering the strong link between the two variables. The average solar energy cumulative flux, measured at the IMS station in Bet Dagan in Israel's Central Coastal Plane during 2019, was 5,543 Wh/m2 per day, which is 8.1% higher than the 1965-2014 multi-year annual solar flux average. The anomaly was notably out of the standard annual deviation of ±4.0% during the 1965-2014 period. This is one of the highest anomalies ever measured in Beit Dagan station. 2020 is also expected to show above average solar irradiance figures in the Eastern Mediterranean region, continuing the high-level solar irradiance trend - similar to the period of late 1960s and early 1970s.
Solar photovoltaic (PV) facilities are continuing to form a dominant share of new capacity additions in the electricity generation segment worldwide and specifically in Israel. The total capacity of grid-connected PV facilities in Israel was at 1,690 MWp by the end of 2019 and is expected to surpass 3,100 MWp by the end of 2020. The total capacity of PV facilities increased by 36% year-over-year from the end of 2018 to the end of 2019 and is expected to grow over 80% in 2020 - continuing to rise from previous 29% annual growth rate in 2018. In terms of electric generation, solar PV facilities produced 2,467 million kWh in 2019 – an increase of 41% from 2018. The percentage of solar PV generation out of total electricity generation in the country increased from 2.5% in 2018 to 3.4% in 2019 and is expected to reach over 5.0% in 2020.
This research aims to estimate the size and trend of the global solar photovoltaic (PV) operation and maintenance (O&M) market as of 2020. The methodology for this work includes segmentation of the global market to multiple countries, with each country having a different ratio of residential, commercial and utility scale solar installations. The result of this study for 2020 - global solar PV O&M market size cap is 8.8 billion USD, composed of distributed (residential and commercial) 3.3 billion USD and solar fields (industrial and utility-scale) 5.5 billion USD segments. The current estimate is that by 2025 the global solar PV O&M market would grow to a total of 15.8 billion USD, composed of 7.7 billion USD distributed and 8.1 billion USD solar fields segments. This estimate takes into account a 16% drop in installations expected in 2020 due to the pandemic crisis with a later return to growth.
This report encloses 2019-20 developments and statistics of the Israeli electricity market with emphasis on the power generation segment. 2019 was notably influenced by the Electricity Market reform of July 2018 and the connection of the Leviathan gas field to the national gas network, while in parallel a significant progress continued in the renewables segment with integration of hundreds of MWp in 2019 and 2020. By the end of 2019, Israeli national electric generation capacity was at 19.3 GWp, with IEC making up 63.4% of total grid-connected capacity, while private producers made up the remaining 36.6%. In terms of electricity generation and supply, 72.5 million kWh were produced in 2019 in the Israeli market, up from 69.6 million kWh in 2018. That year, the generation segment was relying on a mix of fuels, dominated by natural gas and coal - both utilized by the Israel Electric Corp (IEC) as primary fuels. Secondary fuels of the IEC were diesel, oil fuel and methanol. Private power generation facilities were primary relying on natural gas, while diesel, oil fuel, kerogen and renewables were secondary energy sources.
This report is analyzing performance parameters of Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) in comparison to Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) cars as of 2019-20 in order to evaluate future BEV competitiveness and the rate of penetration into US private vehicle market. In 2019 the number of delivered BEVs in US was at 265,394 units, similar to 271,932 units the previous year. Interestingly, this came in line with a continuing trend of decreasing sales of passenger vehicles in the US. The overall percentage of BEVs from among passenger cars reached 5.5% - a continuing increase from 1.06% in 2016, 1.83% in 2017 and 4.95% in 2018. BEVs formed 80% of Plug-in EVs, clearly showing dominance over PHEVs; in 2018 this share was at 75%. Despite an overall decline of car sales in 2020, BEV and PHEV sales are thought to be less hit upon the pandemic crisis, so BEV percentage can still go up despite an overall number of sold cars going down.
Does Chevron's acquisition of Noble Energy affect the feasibility of the EastMed natural gas pipeline project? This is the question which arises upon the surprising announcement on Chevron's acquisition of Noble Energy's shares in parallel with the ratification of the EastMed gas pipeline agreement by Israel and Cyprus earlier this month. Noble Energy is the operator of the Tamar and Leviathan gas fields in the Israeli exclusive economic zone and is also one of the three license holders of the Aphrodite gas field in the Cypriot exclusive economic zone. Altogether the Leviathan and Aphrodite gas fields could provide sufficient gas quantities to support long-term natural gas export from the EastMed region to Southern Europe. This assessment will try to determine whether Chevron's entrance into the EastMed region is related with the EastMed pipeline project and to what extent the feasibility of such megaproject is affected in the age of Covid19 and associated global energy crisis.
This 2020 market survey identified 84 Israeli civilian drone technology companies including providers of UAVs & Platforms, Drone Systems, Anti-Drone solutions, Passenger Drones and Aftermarket products. Out of surveyed civilian drone technology companies, a remarkable 68% are startups – actively operating privately-held companies established within the past decade, which have yet reached an IPO or underwent M&A; 32% are mature companies, including publicly traded ones.
This overview focuses on the privatization process of Israel Electricity Corp's natural gas power plant compounds. There are 5 such compounds designated for privatization - two of them, the Alon Tavor and Ramat Hovav, have already completed the process. The 600MW Alon Tavor was acquired for the Chinese-Israeli consortium MRC for 1.9 billion NIS back in July 2019, while the larger 1150MW Ramat Hovav tender was won by Israeli consortium HPLP this month (June 2020) for 4.25 billion NIS. Other designated power plant compounds are to be released for bidding by 2023 - Reading Tel Aviv, Hagit Yokneam (see photo) and Eshkol Ashdod. Next sales are however to be performed under completely different circumstances, due to dramatic changes in local and global economy.
The fast pace of the 2020 crisis met the Eastern Mediterranean gas sector unprepared. Nearly two decades of gas bonanza now seem to be spiraling towards a very uncertain future, where it is extremely difficult to develop new projects and resources. The collapse of the oil price was primarily a direct hit to the prestige of oil & gas sector and its status of a long-term investment. Despite the rebound of worldwide hydrocarbon demand and doubling of oil price since April lows, involved companies are scaling down their footprint in the Eastern Mediterranean diverting activities to low risk projects. The situation emphasizes the importance of risk assessment for long term projects of this kind.
Smart energy technologies include a range of solutions aimed at the optimization of energy systems, including energy generation, energy transmission, energy conversion, energy storage and energy utilization. With thousands of active startup companies, Israel serves as one of the primary innovation hubs in the world. This is also the case for smart energy technologies, being among the key factors for the future of sustainable, resilient and clean energy. This 2020 market survey identified specific smart energy technology companies from among several thousand active Israeli Hi-Tech companies - mostly recently established startups.
This study analyzes the 2020 operation statistics of Mideast oil and gas pipelines with emphasis on inter-state midstream projects in order to assess the long-term financial feasibility of such projects and their correlation with regional geopolitical stability. The outcome from 2020 analysis is that seven inter-state Mideast hydrocarbon (oil and gas) pipelines, which have already terminated operation, had been in use for a median lifetime period of 13 years. Furthermore, looking at the twenty currently operating inter-state hydrocarbon pipelines in the Mideast, it appears that their median operation lifetime to date is 13.5 years - both figures implying regional stability. Despite stabilization during the past five years, there is little certainty yet for long-term pipeline operational stability in the region.
The year 2019 was characterized by balance of demand and supply, with an average pricing of 63.93 USD per Brent oil barrel and standard deviation of 4.00 USD on monthly basis (6.29%). This study aims to provide a projection for average crude oil pricing during 2020, utilizing predictive analysis methods correlated with fundamental analysis. Evidently, predictive analysis cannot provide accurate answers, since it is rather providing a statistical probability, but we can define a high probability range with fair accuracy.