This market survey identified 85 Israeli civilian drone technology companies including providers of UAVs & Platforms, Drone Systems, Anti-Drone solutions, Passenger Drones and Drone Aftermarket products. Out of surveyed civilian drone technology companies, a remarkable 53% are startups – actively operating privately-held companies established within the past decade, which have yet reached an IPO or underwent M&A; the rest 47% are mature companies, including publicly traded ones. In addition, there are 14 Israeli companies which develop and manufacture military purpose drones, mostly mature companies.
This study summarizes the 2022 ground level solar irradiance figures in the Eastern Mediterranean and makes a preliminary estimate for 2023. Regional solar irradiance data is analyzed in order to estimate and project the power generation trends of solar power facilities in the region, considering the strong link between the two variables. The average solar energy cumulative flux, measured at the IMS station in Bet Dagan in Israel's Central Coastal Plane during 2022, was 5,456 Wh/m^2 per day, some 6.2% higher than the 1965-2014 multi-year annual solar flux average. The anomaly above the standard annual deviation boundary of ±4.0% during the reference period. An estimate for 2023 based on measurements during the first nine months of the year is 5,445±55 Wh/m^2 daily. Hence, 2023 is also expected to show above average solar irradiance figures in the Eastern Mediterranean region, continuing the high-level solar irradiance trend, though not as extreme as during 2022.
Oil, often referred to as "black gold," has long been a strategic commodity, essential for industrial economies and military power. The late 20th century witnessed a series of conflicts and wars driven by the quest for control over oil resources. The period from the 1970s through the early 2000s was marked by several prominent oil-motivated conflicts, highlighting the geopolitics and the relentless struggle for energy resources. However, recent developments in the global energy arena have shifted the motive for oil-ralated warfare from controlling oil resources to the less predictable outbursts of violence within declining oil economies and spillover of their internal crises into regional conflicts and general instability. Hence, the 2020s will likely be characterized by dramatic geopolitical reshuffles related with the decline of major oil exporting counties who refuse to aknowledge energy transition.
Assembly of a functional miniature solar home equipped with two half-cell photovoltaic devices, combiner & wiring and a connector to an external power bank. The described model is designed to charge-up a standard 5V power bank via a USB DC connection. The described solution is NOT including charge controller and hence relies on internal power bank electronics to control the battery charging state. Energy electronics prototyping involves the development and testing of innovative electronic systems and devices aimed at optimizing energy generation, storage, conversion, and consumption. This intricate field merges principles from electronics engineering with energy science to create cutting-edge solutions for the efficient utilization of power resources.
This report overviews the 2022-23 developments in the Israeli electricity market with emphasis on the power generation segment. A significant progress continued in 2022 in renewables led by the solar segment, but slowed down substantially towards the end of the year and in early 2023. In terms of conventional generation, the market mainly followed the implications of the Electricity Reform, gradually tansferring Natural Gas-powered generation towards the private segment and preparing to retire old coal units towards the end of 2023. By the end of 2022, Israeli national electric generation capacity stood at 21.7 GWp, with IEC making up 51.5% of total grid-connected capacity, while private producers made up the remaining 48.5%. In terms of electricity generation and supply in the Israeli market, 76.9 million kWh were produced in 2022, up from 74.0 million kWh in 2021. The 2022 generation segment was relying on a mix of fuels, dominated by natural gas and coal - both utilized by the Israel Electric Corp (IEC) as primary fuels. Secondary fuels of the IEC were diesel, oil fuel and methanol. Private power generation facilities were primary relying on natural gas, while diesel, oil fuel, kerogen and renewables were secondary energy sources. Notably, renewables reached the share of 9.8% of market supply in 2022 and is expected to reach 12.0% in 2023, primarily solar PV.
The EuroAsia Interconnector, a groundbreaking energy infrastructure project, is poised to revolutionize the electricity markets of Cyprus and Israel. As the world's longest under-sea electricity cable interconnector, this ambitious venture will connect the power grids of the two nations and with Europe, enabling them to exchange electricity and collaborate in addressing energy challenges. With its promise of enhancing energy security, promoting renewable energy integration, and fostering economic growth, the EuroAsia Interconnector stands as a game-changer for both Cyprus and Israel. Energy security is a critical concern for any nation, and the EuroAsia Interconnector is set to bolster it significantly. By linking the power grids of Cyprus and Israel, both countries will gain access to a diversified and interconnected energy network. In times of high demand or unforeseen energy shortages, they can rely on each other for support, reducing the risks associated with potential blackouts or supply disruptions. This enhanced energy interdependence not only reinforces their electricity infrastructure but also fosters stronger bilateral ties, promoting stability and cooperation in the region.
This research estimates the size and trends of the global solar photovoltaic operation and maintenance (O&M) market as of 2023. The methodology for this work includes segmentation of the global market to multiple countries, with each country having a different ratio of residential, commercial, industrial and utility scale solar installations. The result of this study for 2023 - global solar photovoltaic (PV) market O&M size cap is 21.1 billion USD, composed of distributed (residential and commercial) 7.3 billion USD and centralized (large industrial and utility-scale) 11.9 billion USD segments. The estimate is that by 2025 the global solar PV O&M market would grow to a total of 31.0 billion USD, composed of 14.9 billion USD distributed and 16.1 billion USD centralized solar market segments.
Why did the electric grid of Israel (partially) collapse on Friday, June 2nd? A lot of rumors and accusations run in the media, though the immediate cause is of course the extreme heatwave, affecting the country with temperatures above 40C. The more profound causes are a matter of discussion and controversy, considering that the 12.5GW demand wasn't actually that high (mostly because it was weekend) and Israel had successfully met a much higher demand in the past exceeding 14GW. Was it the mismanagement of the grid by the grid operation company Noga? Or the fault of the Israel Electric Corporation (IEC), which is still a de-facto monopoly in electricity generation, transmission and distribution? Or were the renewables to blame since much of the grid reserve collapse occured during afternoon and evening, as the solar production phased out? Or maybe something else?
Israel started exporting natural gas to Europe in December 2020, through a pipeline connecting its offshore Leviathan gas field to Egypt and then to the European market via the existing pipeline infrastructure. The exported gas comes from the Leviathan field, which is located in the eastern Mediterranean and is one of the largest natural gas fields discovered in the past decade. Compared to other gas exporters to Europe, Israel's exports are relatively small. However, the withdrawal from Russian recources as the largest supplier of natural gas to Europe (accounting for more than 40% of the region's gas imports in 2020) means that Europe is aggressively looking for any option. Other significant suppliers to Europe include Norway, Algeria, and Qatar and over the past year also US and others stepped in to replace Russian supply.
System Marginal Price (SMP) refers to the electricity market clearing price for a particular time period in a specific location. It is the price at which the wholesale electricity market operates to balance the supply and demand of electricity in real-time. The SMP is determined by the marginal cost of the most expensive generator that is needed to meet the demand at any given moment. This generator is known as the "marginal unit." The SMP is also influenced by other factors such as transmission constraints, weather conditions, and demand fluctuations. In short, the System Marginal Price represents the real-time cost of electricity in a particular location and is a key factor in determining the profitability of power generation and demand-side management strategies.
This outlook summarizes the latest trends and achievements in orbital, interplanetary and interstellar propulsion and makes a preliminary outlook for the upcoming decades. While interplanetary propulsion is a reality, we are approaching an interstellar propulsion ability which may realize sometime in the next decades or centuries. Despite the progress, we are still many many decades away from realizing plans to reach the Oort cloud and the nearby stars. Nevertheless, technological progress is pushing the ability of space travel towards an incremental step from interplanetary exploration to interstellar exploration. Several technologies and concepts may enable this dramatic transition. Those are mainly having to do with the developing ability to harness and concentrate immense quantities of energy and the development of reactionless highly-energy efficient propulsion concepts.
The Eastern Mediterranean (EastMed) has produced significant discoveries of hydrocarbon resources since the late 1990s and has become a strategic point of international cooperation, though also a focal point for potential conflict in the region. This overview summarizes discoveries of natural gas resources, which had prompted Israel and Egypt to begin massive industrial gas production offshore projects in the Levant Basin, whereas Cyprus and Palestinian Gaza which do pocess proven resources in their economic zones are yet to begin explotation and monetization. As for Lebanon, the country is yet to prove actual gas resources despite promising prospects, while Turkish attempts to drill around the island of Cyprus on behalf of Northern Cyprus has fallen short. Finally, Syrian offshore zones couldn't yet produce any find due to long-lasting security crisis in the country.